Open Innovation: A New Mechanism For Adoption Of Organizational Innovation Empirical Evidence From Algerian Companies

Khayra Aichouche, Rafika Bousalem


 The aim of this paper is to analyze the relationship between the openness degree of companies and organizational innovation. The openness degree is defined as the use of purposive inflows and outflows of knowledge to accelerate internal Innovation, and to expend markets for external use of innovation (Chesbrough, 2006). The research utilizes causality models and suggests a conceptual schema subsequent to a comprehensive analysis of the literature linked to open innovation field. A sample of 120 managers and employees of Algerian pharmaceutical company is used. The SEM is used to analyze and approve the proposal of the conceptual schema. Results of the empirical research show that open innovation is positively and significantly related to organizational innovation, on the other hand, these results indicate that there is a positive and significant impact of organizational innovation on organizational performance.


Resources Based View; Open Innovation; Organizational Innovation; Organizational Performance; Pharmaceutical Industry

Full Text:



Al-bahussin Sami Abdullah, El-garaihy Wael Hassan, (2013), "The Impact of Human Resource Management Practices, Organisational Culture, Organisational Innovation and Knowledge Management on Organisational Performance in Large Saudi Organisations: Structural Equation Modeling With Conceptual Framework", International Journal of Business and Management, Vol 08, N° 22, 01-19.

Armbruster. H, Bikfalvi. A, Kimkel. S, Lay. G, (2008), " Organizational Innovation: The Challenge of Measuring Non-Technical Innovation In Large Scale Surveys", Technovation, Vol 28, N° 10, 644-657, Mar.

Barabel Michel, Meier Olivier Et Teboul Thierry, (2008), Les fondamentaux du management, Dunod, Paris.

Birkinshaw. J, Hamel. G, Mol. M. J, (2008), "Management Innovation", Academy Of Management Review, Vol 33, N° 04, 825-845.

Bocquet Rachel, Damanpour Fariborz, Dubouloz Sandra, (2013),"Innovations De Procédés Technologiques et Organisationnels: Autécédents Et Complémentarité", Euram Conférence, Istanbul, 26-29, juin.

Bogers, M, (2014), "A beginner's guide to open innovation", Global Innovation Magazine, Vol 1(2), 4-8.

Chesbrough, H.W, (2006), Open Business Models: How to Thrive in the New Innovation Landscape, Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing.

Chesbrough. H. W, (2003), Open Innovation: The New Imperative For Creating And Profiting From Technology, Harvard Business Schoo Press Book.

Cornell Brent. T, (2012), “Open Innovation Stategies For Overcoming Competittive Challenges Facing Small And Mid-Sized Entreprises”, Doctorat Thesis Of Management, Maryland University College.

Damanpour Fariborz, Aravind Deepa, (2011), "Managerial Innovation: Conceptions, Processes and Antecedents", Management And Organization Review, Vol 08, N° 02, 423-454.

Damanpour, F, (1987), "The adoption of technological, administrative, and ancillary innovations impact of organizational factor", Journal of Management , Vol 13, N 4, 675-688.

Damanpour, F, (1991), "Organizational Innovation: A meta-analysis of effects of determinants and moderators", Academy of Management Journal, Vol 34, N 3, 555-590.

Damanpour. F, Evan. W. M, (1984), "Organizational Innovation And Perfomance: The Problem Organizational Lag", Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol 29, N° 03, 392-409.

Edquist. Charl, Hommen Leif, Mc Kelvey Maureen, (2001), "Innovation And Employment: Process Versus Product Innovation", Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Evan William. M, (1966), "Organizational Lag", Human Organizations, Vol 25, N° 01, 51-53.

Ganter. A, Hecker. H, (2013), "Deciphering Antecedents Of Organizational Innovation", Journal Of Business Research, Vol 66, N° 05, 575-584.

Gassmann Oliver, (2010), Enkel Ellen, Chesbrough Henny, "The Future Of Innovation", R And D Management, 01-09.

Gunday. G, Ulusoy. G, Kiliç. K, Alpkan. L, (2011), "Effects To Innovation types On Firm Performance", International Journal of Production Economics, Vol 133, 662-676.

Hair Jr Joseph F, Black William C, Barry J. Babin, Anderson Rolph E , (2010), Multi Variate Data Analyse, Pearson Prentice Hall, Seventh Edition.

Huang. F, Rice. J, (2012), "Openness Inproduct and Process Innovation", International Journal Of Innovation Management, Vol 16, N° 04, 01-24.

Isckia, T. & Lescop, D, (2011), " Une analyse critique des fondements de l'innovation ouverte". Revue Française de Gestion, Vol 1(210), 87-98.

Kathleen R.Conner and C.K. Prahalab, (1996), "A Ressource-Basd Theory of Firm: Knowledge versus Opportunism" Organization Science, vol 7, Issue 5, Sep-Oct, 477-501.

Marichal Jean-Paul, (1999), "Eléments d’analyse économique de la firme", Didact Economie, Presses Universitaires De Rennes.

Mol. M.J, Birkinshaw. J, (2009), "The Sources Of Management Innovation: When Firms Introduce New Management Practices", Journal Of Business Research, Vol 62, N° 12, 1269-1280.

Prahalad C.K., Hamel G, (1990), “The Core Competence of the Corporation”, Harvard Business Review, 79-91, May-June.

Ramilo Runddy, Bin Embi Mohaed Rached, (2014),"Key Determinants and Barriers In Digital Innovation, Among Small Architectural Organizations", Journal Of Information Technology In Construction, Vol 19, 188-209.

Reichstein. T, Slter. A, (2006), "Investigating the Source Of Process. Innovation among UK Manufactering Firms", Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol 15, 653-682.

Sidow Mohamed Abdiaziz et Ali Yassin Shikh Ali, (2014), "Corporate Innovation And Organizational Performance: The Case Of Somalia Telecommunication Industry", International Journal of Business, Economics and Law, Vol. 4, N 01, June.

Subramanian.A, Nilakanta.S, (1996), «Organizational Innovativeness: Exploring the Relationship between Organizational Determinants of Innovation, Types Of Innovation And Measures Of Organizational Performance", International Journal Of Management Science, Vol 24, N° 06, 631-647.

Zhai Xiaofeng, (2010), "The Role of Human Resource Practices in Enhancing Employees' Behaviours and Organisational Learning in Chinese Construction Organisations", Doctoral Thesis Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy, Loughborough University, Nov


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Int. J. Innov. e-ISSN: 2318-9975

Rua Vergueiro, 235/249 - Liberdade, São Paulo - SP (Brasil), Cep: 01504-000

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença 
Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-CompartilhaIgual 4.0 Internacional